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HP xw8600 Workstation - The Computer Setup (F10) Utility

The Computer Setup (F10) Utility enables you to:
  • Change factory default settings and set or change the system configuration, which might be necessary when you add or remove hardware.
  • Determine if all devices installed on the workstation are recognized by the system and functioning.
  • Determine information about the operating environment of the workstation.
  • Solve system configuration errors that are detected but not fixed during the Power-On Self-Test (POST).
  • Establish and manage passwords and other security features.
  • Establish and manage energy-saving time-outs (not supported on Linux platforms).
  • Modify or restore factory default settings.
  • Set the system date and time.
  • Set, view, change, or verify the system configuration, including settings for processor, graphics, memory, audio, storage, communications, and input devices.
  • Set PCIe lane allocation between Slot four and Slot five.
  • Modify the boot order of installed mass storage devices such as SATA, SAS, diskette drives, optical drives, network drives, and LS-120 drives.
  • Configure the boot priority of SATA and SAS hard-drive controllers.
  • Enable or disable Network Server Mode, which enables the workstation to boot the operating system when the power-on password is enabled with or without a keyboard or mouse attached. When attached to the system, the keyboard and mouse remain locked until the power-on password is entered.
  • Enable or disable POST Messages to change the display status of POST messages. POST Messages suppresses most POST messages, such as memory count, product name, and other nonerror text messages. If a POST error occurs, the error is displayed regardless of the mode selected. To manually switch to POST Messages Enabled during POST, press any key except F1 through F12.
  • Specify an Ownership Tag, which appears when the system is powered on or restarted.
  • Specify the Asset Tag or property identification number assigned by your company to this workstation.
  • Enable power-on password prompts during system restarts (warm-boots) and power on.
  • Hide or show the integrated I/O functionality, including serial, USB, or parallel ports, audio, or embedded NIC. Hidden devices are inaccessible, which increases system security.
  • Enable or disable removable media boot ability.
  • Enable or disable removable media write ability (if supported by hardware).
  • Replicate your system setup by saving system configuration information on CD or diskette and restoring it on workstations.
  • Execute self-tests on specified SATA and SAS hard drives (if supported by the drive).

BIOS ROM

The BIOS ROM is a collection of machine language programs stored as firmware in ROM. It includes functions such as POST, PCI device initialization, Plug and Play support, power management, and the Computer Setup (F10) Utility. The BIOS ROM is a 1-MB Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) port. The firmware in the BIOS ROM supports the following systems and specifications:
  • Advanced Configuration and Power Management Interface, Version 2.0
  • Alert Standard Format Specification, Version 2.0
  • AT Attachment 6 with Packet Interface (ATA/ATAPI – 6), Revision 3b
  • ATAPI Removable Media Device BIOS Specification Version 1.0
  • BIOS Boot Specification V1.01
  • Standard BIOS 32-bit Service Directory Proposal
  • "El Torito" Bootable CD-ROM Format Specification Version 1.0
  • Enhanced Disk Drive Specification Version 1.1
  • BIOS Enhanced Disk Drive Specification Version 3.0
  • Enhanced Host Controller Interface Specification for Universal Serial Bus, Revision 1.0
  • PCI Local Bus Specification, Revision 2.3
  • PCI Power Management Specification, Revision 1.1
  • PCI Express Base Specification, Revision 2.0
  • Serial ATA Specification, Revision 1.0a
  • Serial ATA II: Extensions to Serial ATA 1.0, Revision 1.0
  • System Management BIOS Reference Specification, Version 2.5
  • PC SDRAM Serial Presence Detect (SPD) Specification, Revision 1.2B
  • TCG TPM Specification Version 1.2
  • Universal Host Controller Interface Design Guide, Revision 1.1
  • Universal Serial Bus Revision 1.1 Specification
  • Universal Serial Bus Revision 2.0 Specification

Using the Computer Setup (F10) Utility

You can only open the Computer Setup (F10) Utility by powering on or restarting the workstation.
To access the Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu:
  1. Power on or restart the workstation.
  2. As soon as your display is active and F10=Setup appears in the lower right corner of the screen, press F10.
    If you do not press F10 at the appropriate time, try again. Turn the workstation off, then on, and press F10 again to access the utility. You can also press the Ctrl + Alt + Delete keys before boot if you miss the opportunity to press F10.
  3. Select your language from the list and press the Enter key.
    In the Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu, five headings are displayed: File, Storage, Security, Power, and Advanced.
  4. Use the left and right arrow keys to select the appropriate heading, use the up and down arrow keys to select an option, and then press Enter.
  5. Choose from the following:
    • To apply and save changes, select File>Save Changes, and then select F10=YES.
    • To remove changes you have made, select Ignore Changes and then select F10=YES.
    • To reset to factory settings, select File>Default setup>Restore Factory Settings as Default. Press F10 to accept the changes, and then select Apply Defaults and Exit. This restores the original factory system defaults.
  caution:
Do not power off the workstation while the ROM is saving your Computer Setup (F10) Utility changes because the Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) could become corrupted. After you exit the F10 Setup screen, you can disconnect power from the workstation.

The Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu

note:
With new BIOS releases, the following content is subject to change so your menu might be different than shown.
Computer Setup (F10) Utility menu descriptions
Heading
Option
Description
File
System Information
Displays the following system characteristics:
  • Product Name
  • SKU Number
  • Processor Type/Speed/Stepping
  • Cache Size (L1/L2)
  • Installed Memory Size
  • Integrated MAC 1 and 2
  • System BIOS
  • Boot block date
  • Chassis Serial Number
  • Asset Tracking Number
About
Displays copyright information.
System Temperatures
Displays system temperatures for CPU0 and CPU1, and fan speeds for processors, memory, chipsets, chassis, and PCI cards.
Set Time and Date
Enables you to set system time and date.
Flash System ROM
Enables you to upgrade the BIOS from a ROM image on diskette, CD, or USB.
Replicated Setup
Provides these options:
  • Save to Removable Media—Saves the system configuration, including CMOS, in the qsetup.txt file. This file can be saved to a formatted, blank 1.44MB diskette, or to a USB device.
  • Restore from Removable Media—Restores the system configuration from a diskette or a USB device.
Default Setup
Provides these options:
  • Save Current Settings as Default—Saves the current settings as default settings for the next operation.
    Restore Factory Settings as Default—Restores the factory settings as the default settings for the next operation.
Apply Defaults and Exit
Restores the default settings defined in Default Setup.
Ignore Changes and Exit
Exits computer setup without applying or saving changes.
Save Changes and Exit
Saves changes to system configuration and exits the computer setup.
Storage
Device Configuration
Lists installed non-SCSI storage devices (except SATA devices) and provides options for obtaining specific information about each device:
  • Hard Disk—Provides information about the hard drives in the system.
  • CD-ROM—Provides information about the optical drives in the system.
  • Diskette Type (for legacy diskette drives only)—Identifies the highest capacity media type accepted by the diskette drive. Options are 3.5" (1.44MB), 5.25" (1.2MB), and Not Installed.
  • Default Values—Resets devices to their default configuration (SATA is the default).
    • Multisector Transfers—Defines the transfer of data per interrupt. Options are 8, 16, and Disable (16 is the default).
    • Transfer Mode—Specifies the active data transfer mode. Options (subject to device capabilities) are Max UDMA, PIO 0, Max PIO, Enhanced DMA, and Ultra DMA0. (Max UDMA is the default).
    • Translation Mode—Enables the BIOS to determine the translation mode used to configure a formatted SATA or USB mass storage device. This prevents you from needing to know how the mass storage device was formatted. Options are Automatic, Bit Shift, LBA Assisted, Use (Cylinders, Heads, Sectors), and Off. Automatic is the default.
      Ordinarily, you should not change the translation mode selected by the BIOS. If the selected translation mode is not compatible with the translation mode that was active when the drive was partitioned and formatted, the data on the disk is inaccessible.
Storage Options
Provides these options:
  • Removable Media Boot—Enables and disables the ability to boot the system from removable media.
  • Legacy Diskette Write—Enables and disables the ability to write data to removable media.
  • BIOS DMA Data Transfers—Enables and disables DMA data transfers.
  • SATA Emulation—Sets the SATA emulation mode with the following options:
    • RAID + AHCI–both the RAID and AHCI OPROMs execute. This emulation mode is the default and offers the best performance and most functionality.
    • Separate IDE Controller–offers standard SATA supports (four ports only).
    • Combined IDE Controller–makes the SATA controller look like an IDE controller and offers best IDE compatibility (two ports only).
  • SATA PORT0–5—enables and disables SATA ports 0–5.
  • SATA/eSATA SPEED PORT4 Setup—Enables you to set the following port speeds:
    • GEN2/3.0 Gb/s (Internal Only)
    • GEN1/1.5 Gb/s (eSATA Only)
  • SATA/eSATA PORT5 Setup—Enables you to set the following port speeds:
    • GEN2/3.0 Gb/s (Internal Only)
    • GEN1/1.5 Gb/s (eSATA Only)
DPS Self-test
Select a drive—Enables you to select a drive to test.
Boot Order
Enables you to configure the boot, diskette drive, and hard drive orders by physically reordering the menu entries. The following is the default boot order presented in the menu:
  • Optical Drive
  • Diskette Drive
  • USB Device
  • Hard Drive
  • Broadcom Ethernet controller 1
  • Broadcom Ethernet controller 2
To drag a device to a preferred place, press Enter. To remove the device from consideration as a bootable device, press F5.
MS-DOS drive lettering assignments might not apply after an operating system other than MS-DOS has started.
Boot devices can be disabled in the boot order process. These order changes are stored in the physical ROM when the F10 Setup changes are confirmed with File>Save Changes and Exit.
You can temporarily override the boot order. To boot one time from a device other than the default device specified in Boot Order, restart the workstation and press F9 when the F9=Boot Menu message appears on the screen. After POST completes, a list of bootable devices is displayed. Use the arrow keys to select the preferred bootable device and press Enter. The workstation then boots from the selected nondefault device for this one time.
Security
Setup Password
Enables you to set and enable a setup password for the administrator.
If you create a setup password, you must use it to change computer setup options, to flash the ROM, and to make changes to certain Plug and Play settings under Windows.
Power-On Password
Enables you to set and enable the power-on password.
Password Options
This option becomes available when you create a setup or power-on password. It provides these options:
  • Lock Legacy Resources—Prevents the operating system from changing resources to serial, parallel, or diskette controller.
  • Network Server Mode—Enables network server mode.
  • Password Prompt on Warm Boot—Enables a password prompt on a warm boot.
Smart Cover
Allows you to enable and disable the cover removal sensor, or to notify you if the sensor is activated.
Device Security
Makes the following devices available or hidden to the system:
  • Serial Port
  • All USB Ports
  • Front USB Port
  • System Audio
  • IDE Controller Security
  • SATA Controller Security
  • IEEE 1394 Controller
  • Network Controller 1
  • Network Controller 2
  • SAS Controller
  • Embedded Security Device
Embedded Security Device
This option becomes available if Embedded Device is set to Available.
Embedded Security Device (Hidden or Available) turns the Trusted Platform Mechanism (TPM) on and off. Device Hidden is the default. If this option is made available, the following options become available:
  • Power-On Authentication Support—Enables and disables an authentication feature that requires you to enter a TPM user key password to boot the system. This feature uses the TPM to generate and store the authentication password.
  • Reset Authentication Credential—Resets the authentication functionality and clears authentication credentials.
To enable the Embedded Security Device and to access any security features associated with the device, you must enter a setup password.
Setting a device to Available enables the operating system to access the device. Hidden makes the device unavailable. It is disabled by the BIOS and cannot be enabled by the operating system.
Network Service Boot
Enables or disables the ability to boot to the network using the F12 key or the boot order.
System IDs
Provides these options:
  • Asset Tag—A 16–byte string identifying the system.
  • Ownership Tag—An 80–byte string identifying ownership of the system. This tag appears on the screen during POST.
  • Universal Unique Identifier (UUID)—Can only be updated if the current chassis serial number is invalid. (These ID numbers are normally set in the factory and are used to uniquely identify the system.)
  • Keyboard—Enables you to set the keyboard locale for System ID entry.
OS Security
Provides these options:
  • Data Execution Prevention—Enables or disables Data Execution Prevention mode in the processors. This mode prohibits code from running in pages that were set up as data pages, and prevents attacks such as buffer overflows. Operating system support is required for this feature.
  • Intel Virtualization Technology (VTx)—Enables or disables Intel Virtualization Technology to increase workstation performance.
  • Intel IO Virtualization—Enables or disables Virtualization Technology to increase workstation I/O performance.
  • OS Management of Embedded Security Device—Enables or disables the ability of the operating system to control the TPM device, including turning it on and off, initializing it, and resetting it.
  • Reset of Embedded Security Device through OS—Enables or disables the ability of the operating system to reset the TPM.
Power
OS Power Management
Enables or disables:
  • Runtime Power Management
  • Idle Power Savings
  • ACPI S3 Hard Disk Reset
  • ACPI S3 PS 2 Mouse Wakeup
  • USB Wake on Device Insertion
Hardware Power Management
Enables or disables SATA Power Management
Thermal
Enables you to set the rate of the system fan when the processor is in idle.
Advanced**
Power-On Options
Enables you to set the following:
  • POST Messages—Enables or disables the splash screen during POST.
  • F1 Prompt on Recoverable Errors—Enables or disables the presentation of the F1 prompt on recoverable errors.
  • F9 Prompt (Displayed or Hidden)—Selecting Displayed displays the F9=Boot Menu during POST. Selecting Hidden prevents the text from being displayed. However, pressing F9 still accesses the boot menu.
  • F10 Prompt (Displayed or Hidden)—Selecting Displayed displays F10=Setup during POST. Selecting Hidden prevents the text from being displayed, but pressing F10 still accesses the Setup screen.
  • F11 Prompt (Displayed or Hidden)—Selecting Displayed makes the Factory Recovery option visible during POST. Selecting Hidden prevents the text from being displayed, but pressing F10 still accesses the Setup screen. Factory Recovery Boot Support must be enabled to use this option.
  • F12 Prompt (Displayed or Hidden)—Selecting Displayed displays F12=Network Service Boot during POST. Selecting Hidden prevents the text from being displayed but pressing F12 still forces the system to attempt booting from the network.
  • Factory Recovery Boot Support (Enable or Disable)—Recovery partition hard disk drive (HDD) option available. The Vista factory setting has this support enabled.
  • Option ROM prompt* (Enable or Disable)—Enabling this feature causes the system to display a message before loading options ROMs.
  • Remote Wakeup Boot Source—Enables you to set the remote wakeup boot source as:
    • Local Hard Drive
    • Remote Server
  • After Power Loss (On, Off, Previous State)—Enabling this option directs the previous state to be the default.
  • POST Delay (in seconds) (5, 10, 15, 20, None)—Adds a specified delay to the POST process. This delay is sometimes needed for hard drives on some PCI cards that spin up slowly (so slowly that they are not ready to boot by the time POST is finished). The POST delay also gives you time to select F10 to enter the Computer Setup (F10) Utility.
  • Setup Browse Mode (Enable/Disable)—Enables or disables browse mode setup.
BIOS Power-On
Enables you to disable or specify a weekday and time for BIOS power-on.
Processors
Provides these options:
  • Multi Core Support (Enable or Disable)—Select a single core or multiple cores per socket.
  • Limit CPUID Maximum Value to 3 (Enable or Disable)—Sets the number of allowable CPU IDs.
Onboard Devices
Enables you to set resources for or disable onboard system devices such as serial ports, parallel ports, and diskette controllers. Operating system parameters generally override Onboard Devices settings.
Chipset/ Memory
Provides these options:
  • PCI SERR# Generation (Enable or Disable)—Controls PCI SERR# generation for ill-behaved PCI add-in cards (that can generate SERR# spuriously).
  • PCI VGA Palette Snooping (Enable or Disable)—Controls PCI VGA Palette Snooping for compatibility purposes.
  • MCH Error Handling—Sets the following signals to use on serious MCH (North Bridge) errors:
    • SMI, which is handled by the BIOS and causes a reboot.
    • NMI and Machne-Check Error, which are handled by the operating system and cause a crash.
    • Ignore.
  • Memory Write Combining (Enable or Disable)—Implements special caching for rapid I/O.
  • PCIe Lane Allocation (SLOT4:SOT5)—Defines the number of lanes assigned to a slot:
    • Auto
    • x16:x1
    • x8:x8
Device Options
Enables you to set the following device options:
  • Num Lock State at Power-On (On or Off)
  • S5 Wake-on-LAN (Enable or Disable)
  • Unique Sleep State Blink Rates (Enable or Disable)
  • Monitor Tracking (Enable or Disable)
  • NIC PXE Option ROM* Download (Enable or Disable)
  • SAS Option ROM* Download (Enable or Disable)
  • SATA RAID Option ROM* Download (Enable or Disable)
  • PCIX Secondary Latency Timer:
    • Default
    • # PCI Clocks
  • SAS Latency Timer:
    • Default
    • # PCI Clocks
  • Peer-to-Peer Reads
  • Fast Delayed Transaction Timer
Slot 1 - PCI
Slot 1 option ROM download (Enable or Disable), and latency timer.
Slot 2 - PCIe x16
Slot 2 option ROM download (Enable or Disable).
Slot 3 - PCIe x8 (4)
Slot 3 option ROM download (Enable or Disable).
Slot 4 - PCIe x16 (8)***
Slot 4 option ROM download (Enable or Disable).
Slot 5 - PCIe x8***
Slot 5 option ROM download (Enable or Disable).
Slot 6 - PCIe x8 (4)
Slot 6 option ROM download (Enable or Disable).
Slot 7 - PCI-X 133
Slot 7 option ROM download (Enable or Disable), and latency timer and speed.
* Available on selected models.
** These options should be used by advanced users only.
*** For information about specifying lane allocation, see PCI Lane Allocation under the Advanced, Chipset/Memory description above.

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