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HP Designjet Z3100 Photo Printer Series - Glossary

AppleTalk
A suite of protocols that Apple Computer developed in 1984 for computer networking. Apple now recommends TCP/IP networking instead.
Bonjour
Apple Computer's trade name for its implementation of the IETF Zeroconf specification framework, a computer network technology used in Apple's Mac OS X from version 10.2 onwards. It is used to discover services available on a local area network. It was originally known as Rendezvous.
Color accuracy
The ability to print colors that match the original image as closely as possible, bearing in mind that all devices have a limited color gamut and may not be physically capable of matching certain colors precisely.
Color consistency
The ability to print the same colors from a particular print job from print to print and from printer to printer.
Color model
A system of representing colors by numbers, such as RGB or CMYK.
Color space
A color model in which each color is represented by a specific set of numbers. Many different color spaces can use the same color model: for instance, monitors generally use the RGB color model, but they have different color spaces, because a particular set of RGB numbers results in different colors on different monitors.
Cutter
A printer component that slides back and forth across the platen to cut the paper.
ESD
ElectroStatic Discharge. Static electricity is common in daily life. It is the spark when touching the car door, or the cling of clothing. Although controlled static electricity has some useful applications, uncontrolled electrostatic discharges are one of the main hazards to the electronics products. Therefore, to prevent damage some precautions are needed when setting up the product, or handling ESD sensitive devices. This type of damage may reduce the life expectancy of the device. One way to minimize uncontrolled ESDs, and therefore reduce this type of damage is by touching any exposed grounded part of the product (mainly metal parts) before handling ESD sensitive devices (such as the printheads or ink cartridges). Additionally, to reduce the generation of electrostatic charge in your body try to avoid working in a carpeted area, and keep your body movements to a minimum when handling ESD sensitive devices. Also, avoid working in low humidity environments.
Ethernet
A popular computer networking technology for local area networks.
Firmware
Software that controls your printer's functionality and is stored semi-permanently in the printer (it can be updated).
Gamut
The range of colors and density values reproducible on an output device, such as a printer or monitor.
HP-GL/2
Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language 2: a language defined by HP to describe vector graphics.
I/O
Input/Output: this term describes the passing of data between one device and another.
ICC
The International Color Consortium, a group of companies that have agreed on a common standard for color profiles.
Ink cartridge
A removable printer component that stores ink of a particular color and provides it to the printhead.
IP address
A unique identifier that identifies a particular node on a TCP/IP network. It consists of four integers separated by dots.
Jetdirect
HP's brand name for its series of print servers that allow a printer to be connected directly to a local area network.
LED
Light-Emitting Diode: a semiconductor device that emits light when electrically stimulated.
MAC address
Media Access Control address: a unique identifier used to identify a particular device on a network. It is a lower-level identifier than the IP address. Thus, a device may have both a MAC address and an IP address.
Nozzle
One of many tiny holes in a printhead through which ink is deposited onto the paper.
Paper
A thin, flat material made to be written or printed on; most commonly made from fibers of some kind which are pulped, dried, and pressed.
Platen
The flat surface within the printer over which the paper passes while it is being printed on.
Printer driver
Software that converts a print job in a generalized format into data suitable for a particular printer.
Printhead
A removable printer component that takes ink of one or more colors from the corresponding ink cartridge(s) and deposits it on the paper, through a cluster of nozzles. In the HP Designjet Z2100 Photo series, each printhead prints two different colors.
Rendezvous
Apple Computer's original name for its networking software later known as Bonjour.
Spindle
A rod that supports a roll of paper while it is being used for printing.
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol: the communications protocols on which the Internet is based.
USB
Universal Serial Bus: a standard serial bus designed to connect devices to computers.

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