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Connecting a Monitor, Projector or TV (Windows 7)

This document pertains to HP Notebook PCs with Windows 7.
This document provides important information you should know when attaching monitors, projectors or TVs to your notebook.
Choosing the right location for your monitor
Notice the location of windows in the room when deciding where to place the display. The screen can reflect direct sunlight or bright lights making viewing uncomfortable.
Select a location for the monitor or TV that is near the PC and a power source. Cables can be unsightly and should be hidden from view; such as by routing them behind the back of the desk between a wall.
Set the monitor or TV on a flat level surface. Make sure that the monitor or TV does not rest on any cables.
The height and angle of the monitor or TV should not cause neck or back pain during prolonged viewing. It should be positioned so the eyes of the person using the monitor or TV are at least one meter (three feet) away and only slightly angled down. An adjustable chair can help achieve a comfortable position.
Most notebooks are smaller than typical monitors and will need a stand or small platform to raise it to the height and angle described above.
Figure : Proper viewing height
Proper computer display viewing height
To connect an additional video display or TV to your notebook you will need the following:
  • At least one video connection port.
  • Correct type cable to connect the TV or external monitor.
Types of video connectors
Know the video connectors on your computer and display devices to avoid problems and get the best possible picture quality.
There are two types of video transfer methods: Digital and Analog. If you try to connect a digital connector to an analog port or vise versa, you will not be able to view video. Also, if you attempt to play protected high-definition digital content, such as Blu-ray movies, over an analog connection, you will probably get an error message or the movie will play at lower quality resolutions.
Click the appropriate heading or the accompanying plus (+) sign to expand the following information:
    Figure : Typical HP Notebook ports
    Image of typical ports on a notebook.
  1. VGA port
  2. S-Video port
Figure : Notebook and monitor connections
Image of a notebook connected to a monitor.
Using adaptors to help make the connection to a display device
What do you do when the video connector on the back of your computer does not match the video connector on the display device? Ideally, you want to have the same video connector on the PC and monitor or TV, but there may be times when this is not possible. The answer may be a special cable or adapter. For example, HP provides a small DVI to VGA adapter in the box with many of its computers. Connect this adapter to the DVI port on the computer and then connect the VGA cable from the monitor or TV into the adapter.
Figure : VGA to DVI adapter
Illustration of VGA to DVI adapter
Another good answer may be a special cable that has different connection types on each end. Make sure you know the two types of video connectors before purchasing an adapter or cable.
Figure : Examples of adapters and cables
Illustration of adapters and cables
An HDMI connection can also carry audio. HDMI audio is lost when using a DVI to HDMI adapter or cable solution.
You cannot connect DVI-D to VGA.
Configuring your monitor in Windows 7
Use the following steps to provide Windows with the settings for your monitor, projector or TV:
  1. Turn on the monitor or TV.
  2. Turn on the notebook.
  3. When Windows opens, it should find the monitor(s) using Windows Plug and Play process. Give Windows extra time to start up while it installs the necessary files for the monitor or TV.
    Most monitors work fine without installing any software by using Microsoft's Plug and Play. However, if your monitor came with a software installation disc, you should install any drivers related to the monitor to get the best experience.
  4. Once Windows has finished Plug and Play, right-click anywhere on the Windows desktop and select Screen Resolution to open a Display Properties window.
  5. Set the Resolution slider to match the default resolution of your monitor.
    For LED and LCD displays, refer to the box, user guide, or product specifications to find the native display resolution.
    For older CRT monitors (the viewing area is a large glass tube) the display resolution can be set to whatever looks best - a good resolution for CRTs is 1024 x 768.
  6. Click OK.
    Your monitor has been installed.
Note: If the picture displayed on the TV or monitor does not fit on the screen, or has blank areas to the sides of the screen, then use the TV or monitor zoom or aspect ratio feature. On TVs, aspect or zoom is usually found as a button on the remote control.
Setting your display properties in Windows 7
After connecting your TV or external monitor, you can choose a desktop configuration:
  1. Click Start, enter external in the search field, and select Connect to an external display when it becomes available in the list.
  2. Click the drop-down menu for Multiple displays, select one of the configurations, then click Apply.
    Figure : Display Screen Resolution options
    Display Screen Resolution options


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