Digital Media Receiver Glossary
10BaseT - The first Ethernet standard, which operated at 10Mbps (megabits per second). Also known as simply Ethernet.
802.11 - Standard specifying the characteristics for wireless local area networks.
access point - An internetworking device that seamlessly connects wired and wireless networks together.
ad hoc - One of two types of wireless networking, usually used for smaller networks. Computers communicate directly with each other without an access point.
album - An album of music released by an artist, or a group of photos stored in a folder on a hard disk.
bmp - A Microsoft Windows standard for storing bitmapped images (photos).
cable modem - A class of modem that is used for connecting to a cable TV network which offers Internet service.
category 5 - A type of cabling used by Ethernet networks. Category 5 cable is rated for 100Mbps.
crossover cable - Most network cables are straight through cables. A cross-over cable has the send and receive connections swapped, which is useful when connecting two network devices together without a hub, router, or switch.
DHCP - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. Allows the assigning of network IP addresses dynamically (automatically).
DRM - Digital Rights Management. Some musical files have security built in so they can't be copied.
DSL modem - A class of modem used for connecting a digital subscriber line.
dynamic address - See DHCP.
ethernet - A popular network technology for connecting PCs and other devices. Also called 10BaseT.
folder - Another name for a subdirectory on a PC. A folder contains other files, such as music or photos.
genre - A type of music, such as rock, country, or classical. There are many music genres.
gif - Graphical Interchange Format. A popular format for storing images.
hub - A device that interconnects computers and network devices, sometimes amplifying the signals between them.
icon - A small graphical picture.
ID3 tag - A tagging system that allows the storage of music information such as artist, song title, and album title within the audio file.
infrastructure - One of two types of modes used for wireless networking. Computers and devices communicate through a common access point. Access points transmit data to PCs equipped with wireless network adapters, which can roam within a certain range of the access point.
IP address - Internet Protocol address, sometimes referred to as a network address. This is a series of twelve numbers that uniquely identifies a client on the network. For example, 192.168.0.1.
jack - A jack is a socket for attaching a network cable.
LAN - Local Area Network. A smaller network that typically spans a single building or campus.
mp3 - An MPEG audio file. This is a very popular format for storing digital music.
network - A collection of PCs, printers, and devices that are connected together in order to share resources.
network adapter - See NIC.
network address - See IP address.
network cable - A cable similar to a telephone line, except larger. A telephone cable typically has four wires, and a network cable has eight. Also called an RJ-45 cable.
NIC - Network Interface Card. Also called a network adapter, a NIC is a device that connects a PC to a network. Usually this is a card that installs in the PC.
PC - A personal computer.
playlist - A file containing a list of music files used to play tracks in a particular order. The most common playlist format is m3u.
png - Portable Network Graphics. A popular graphics file format for storing images.
receiver - Refers to the hp digital media receiver.
ripping - A slang term for converting a music CD into compressed music files. Music tracks are ripped from the CD, compressed, and stored digitally on a hard disk.
RJ-45 cable - See network cable.
router - A device similar to a hub. A router moves data between different network segments, and allows all users in a network to share a single connection to the internet.
server - A computer or software program that provides services to clients. In the context of hp digital media receivers, the term server refers to the hp digital media software running on a PC.
SSID - Service Set Identifier. A network ID unique to a network. Only clients and Access Points that share the same SSID are able to communicate with each other. This string is case-sensitive.
Static address - A network address that does not change and is usually assigned manually.
switch - A device similar to a hub, but smarter. It improves network performance by reducing competition for bandwidth.
systray - The Windows system tray, usually located in the lower right corner of the display.
tag - See ID3 tag.
WEP - Wired Equivalent Privacy. A method of encryption designed to give wireless networks the same security found on wired networks.
wi-fi - Wireless Fidelity. Another term for wireless networking using the 802.11 standard.
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